Home and health are two things that are an integral part in the life of modern society today. That’s why housing construction continues to be associated with health requirements. That is for residents of the house protected from various diseases, especially infectious diseases. Health is no longer just a doctor problem, designers or architects who planned to stay home also has a role to improve the quality of health of the household through home design he made. The role of architects who design houses offer a good fit with the ability of home owners, should be equated with the role of prospective residents who have the awareness of health.
To obtain a dwelling (house) is decent, home environment must meet health requirements. Healthy home so many aspects, among others, there are aspects of sociology, physics, chemistry and biology.
The criteria are based on the needs of a healthy home related to the size of the house floor. As a result, good ventilation approach based on health is 10-20 percent of floor area house. Everything that contributes to the quality of air in the house. Dominant housing demand, and public awareness for healthy living at home increases. This is certainly not out with the mushrooming of residential housing development in sub-urban areas by the developer. Based on the statements of American Public Health Association (1959), one house visible in accordance with the principles of health if it meets four basic requirements.
- First, be able to satisfy basic physiological needs of residents.
- Second, able to satisfy basic psychological needs of residents.
- Third, to protect residents from possible outbreaks of infectious diseases.
- Fourth, to protect residents against possible accident hazards.
In other words, the house was completely healthy is a home that can ensure the preservation of health of occupants. The house is luxurious, if the occupants are always sick, then this is not a healthy home. Conversely, even though his health is relatively simple, but if residents can be assured, then the house can be considered a healthy home. By maintaining cleanliness in the home environment also means that health comes awake. When the house and a healthy environment, then form what is called a healthy home.